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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5338\margr1221\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5342\margrsxn2056\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr61\colno2\colw4061 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 198}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb25\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 RELIGIOUS & ECONOMIC CONDITIONS}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5338\margrsxn1221\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri47\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 was showing signs of vigour. Asvamedha, Rajasuya, Aptoryama, and other sacrifices were performed by the \expndtw8 Royalty, and Brahmans got decent \i Daksinas \i0 or fees. \expndtw7 The worship of Siva and Krisna was popular,\super 1\nosupersub  and \expndtw10 votaries of the different faiths lived in harmony. \expndtw8 Sometimes they even gave grants to one another. \expndtw3 Foreigners adopted either religion\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 Brahtnanism or \expndtw2 Buddhism\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 and were being assimilated into the Hindu society. Indeed, their names had become thoroughly \expndtw8 Hinduised. Thus, in a Karle inscription two Yavanas \expndtw2 are called Sihadaya (Simhadvaja) and Dharma respec\-\expndtw11 tively. Similarly, the Saka Usavadata is represented \expndtw5 as a staunch Brahmanist.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Economic Conditions}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi472\ri29\sb169\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Guilds \i (Jrems] \i0 were a normal feature of the age. \expndtw1 We learn of such organisations of corn-dealers \i (dham-\expndtw0 nikas\\ \i0 potters, weavers \i (kolika-nikayas)., \i0 oil-pressers \i\expndtw4 (tilapisaka\\ \i0 braziers \i (kasakaras\\ \i0 bamboo-workers \i\expndtw9 (yamsakaras\\ \i0 etc. Besides bringing members of the \expndtw8 same craft together, they served as banks, in which \expndtw11 money \i (aksaya mvT) \i0 could be invested on interest. \expndtw0 The currency consisted of \i Karsdpanas, \i0 both silver and copper, and gold \i Suvarnas. \i0 Each \i Suvarna \i0 was equivalent \expndtw-3 to 35 silver \i Kdrsdpana \i0 pieces.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li43\fi450\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Trade flourished; and ships from the West, laden \expndtw4 with merchandise, visited the ports of Broach, Sopara, \expndtw10 and Kalyan. The two important inland marts were \expndtw5 Tagara and Paithan. Communications were generally \expndtw3 good, and people freely went from one part of the Dek-\expndtw6 kan to another on business.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li76\fi0\ri0\sb162\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 "Literature}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li522\fi0\ri0\sb119\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The Satavahana kings were great patrons of Prakrit,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li428\fi0\ri0\sb198\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  The Nanaghat inscription refers to other gods like Dharma,}\par }